Research Sources

Featured is a comprehensive collection of many of the resources that have been used to research and find more about topics here on our site. We are now passing these valuable resources on to you to dive deeper into topics of interest and to help expand your knowledge of that subject matter.

Note: Because some of these documents are large, we have also broken them into smaller pieces for ease of download

A History of the Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia by Norma Hall with Clifford P. Hall and Erin Verrier. Manitoba: Aboriginal and Northern Affairs Manitoba, 2010. Print.

Download [Download not found] (28 pages, 0.2 MB, PDF)

Original research about the little-known Legislative Assembly of Assiniboia government headed by Louis Riel, which functioned from March 9 to June 24, 1870.

Architectural Heritage – Selkirk and District Planning Area by David Butterfield. Manitoba Culture, Heritage and Recreation – Historic Resources, 1988. Print

Download [Download not found] (217 pages, 11 MB, PDF)
Download [Download not found] (110 pages, 6 MB, PDF)
Download [Download not found] (107 pages, 5 MB, PDF)

Grand Marais Walking Tour Project by David Butterfield for the Grand Marais Heritage Committee, 2018.

Download [Download not found] (167 pages, 7 MB, PDF)

Featuring a ‘Guide for the Guides’, a guide training kit, tour themes and a sample tour of Grand Marais, Manitoba, Canada.

Pioneer Work: The Types of Work that Shaped the R.M. of St. Clements 1880 – 1940 by David Butterfield for the RM of St. Clements Heritage Committee, 2018.

Download [Download not found] (82 pages, 13 MB, PDF)
Download [Download not found] (41 pages, 5 MB, PDF)
Download [Download not found] (41 pages, 8 MB, PDF)

This project is about work. It is specifically about work in the Rural Municipality of St. Clements during its formative years – 1880-1940. It is about work because it’s mostly what we do, even now, and because the work we do shapes and forms the communities in which we live. And in any community’s early years, work takes on special significance – for it was often the very thing that “made” the community.

St. Peter’s Dynevor Windmill by David Butterfield for St. Clements Heritage Committee, 2015.

Download [Download not found] (81 pages, 7 MB, PDF)
Download [Download not found] (39 pages, 3 MB, PDF)
Download [Download not found] (42 pages, 4 MB, PDF)

For about 50 years, from 1833 to the mid 1880s, a remarkable community was developed on the banks of the Red River just north of present-day Selkirk. Known at the time as the Indian Settlement, or the Indian Village, this very first Aboriginal agricultural settlement in what would become Manitoba was undertaken by a band of Saulteaux and Cree peoples under the leadership of Chief Peguis. This report is mainly an attempt to “recreate” one of the St. Peter’s Indian Settlement windmills – to suggest what it looked like, how it operated.

St. Jude’s Anglican Church by Donna Sutherland for the St. Clements Heritage Committee, 2009.

Download [Download not found] (18 pages, 1 MB, PDF)

Built in 1896, St. Jude’s Church has been a key part of the community of Grand Marais for 113 years. The structure is architecturally significant because of the material used in its formation – black poplar log with dovetailed ends and local fieldstone with mortar. The church also holds cultural significance in that it is one of the few protestant churches in the municipality to have been built, maintained, and attended by a community of primarily Métis people.


City of Selkirk Archives

This local archive is closed to the public, but you can speak to the archivist.

Contact information: City of Selkirk, 200 Eaton Ave Selkirk, Manitoba, R1A 0W6 Phone: (204) 785-4900 E-mail: Web:

Gaynor Family Library

This library has a Heritage Room dedicated to historic research. Be sure to check the catalogues, data bases, vertical files, scrapbooks, newspapers and books.

Contact information: Gaynor Family Regional Library, 806 Manitoba Ave Selkirk, Manitoba, R1A 1S7 Phone: (204) 482-3522 E-mail: Web:

Selkirk Mental Health Centre Archives

Is a record of the development of Mental Health Services and Psychiatric nursing in Manitoba. They have letter, publications, photos artefacts, oral histories and more.

Contact information: Selkirk Mental Health Centre Archives Old Administration Building, 825 Manitoba Ave Selkirk, Manitoba, R1A 0Z3 Web:


Archives of Manitoba and the Hudson’s Bay Company Archives

The Archives of Manitoba is the official government archive of the province of Manitoba and the Hudson’s Bay Company Archive has the records of this fur trading company that was so pivotal to the development of Manitoba.

Contact information: Archives of Manitoba and the Hudson’s Bay Company Archives 200 Vaughan Street Winnipeg MB R3C 1T5 Phone: 945-3971 Toll free: 1-800-282-8069 Fax: 204-948-2008 E-mail Web:

Manitoba Legislative Library

Manitoba’s Legislative Library was established in 1870, the year that the province entered Confederation. Collections include material on history, public administration, economics, biography and the political and social sciences. Other collection highlights include Manitoba government publications from the earliest days of the province, a rare book collection housed in a climate-controlled vault, and Manitoba newspapers dating from 1859. Since 1919, the library has received copies of all books and serials published in the Province.

Contact information: Manitoba Legislative Library Main Floor, 200 Vaughan Street Winnipeg MB R3C 1T5 Phone: 204-945-4330 Toll free: 1-800-282-8069 E-mail: Web:

Historic Resources Branch

Municipalities, Municipal Heritage Advisory Committees (MHACs) or other community heritage organizations doing history research can contact the for advice on research methods and sources. The branch has pamphlets, brochures and reports on individuals, events, buildings and other sites on Manitoba’s history. It also has some unpublished and out-of-print Historic Resources Branch research reports, which can be viewed by appointment at the branch office.

  • Contact information: Historic Resources Branch Main Floor, 213 Notre Dame Avenue Winnipeg MB R3B 1N3 Phone: 204-945-2118 Toll free: 1-800-282-8069 E-mail: Web:

There are many books available on Manitoba history. These are just a few of them. Most of these sources are available at your local public or school library, university libraries and the Legislative Library of Manitoba in Winnipeg.

There are many older and out of print books available digitally on the Manitoba Historical Society website, Our Roots website, and Peel’s Prairie Provinces website.

  • The Canadian Prairies: A History by Gerald Friesen. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1984 reprinted in 2004. Print.
    • Significant information on and analysis of Manitoba’s history
  • The Centennial History of Manitoba by James A. Jackson. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Ltd. and the Manitoba Historical Society, 1970. Print.
    • An academic standard on Manitoba’s history, though it is several decades old.
  • The Dictionary of Canadian Biography edited by Réal Bélanger and John English. 12 vols. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, Scholarly Publishing Division, 2005. Print.
  • Encyclopedia of Manitoba edited by Ingeborg Boyens. Winnipeg, Manitoba: Great Plains Publications, 2007. 850 pages. English. Print.
    • All aspects of Manitoba’s history, arts, politics, geography, business and sports are explored in almost 2000 entries, each written and researched by expert Manitobans.
  • Manitoba: A History by William L. Morton. Toronto:University of Toronto Press, 1957, second-edition printed 1967. 547 pages. English. Print.
    • An academic standard on Manitoba’s history, though it is several decades old.
  • Manitoba 125: A History (in three volumes) by Greg Shilliday, editor. Vol. 1 Rupert’s Land to Riel, vol 2 Gateway to the West, vol 3 Decades of Diversity. Winnipeg, Manitoba: Great Plains Publications Ltd., 1993, 1994, 1995. Print
    • Written in accessible, non-academic style.
  • Pioneers and Early Citizens of Manitoba: A Dictionary of Manitoba Biography from the Earliest Times to 1920 compiled by the Manitoba Library Association. Winnipeg, Manitoba, 1971. English. Print.

Red River North Area Websites

Manitoba Websites

  • Association for Manitoba Museums at
  • Heritage Manitoba at
    • Your one-stop source for information, resources and advice on the development of a strong, effective and sustainable community heritage venture.
  • Heritage Winnipeg at
  • Historic Resources Branch (HRB) at
    • The provincial government’s Historic Resources Branch features primary research; archeological sites, artifacts and excavation; building conservation; community heritage; heritage designation; planning and more.
  • Hudson’s Bay Company Archives at
  • Jewish Heritage Centre at
  • Manitoba Archaeological Society at
  • Manitoba Archives at
  • Manitoba Genealogical Society at
  • Manitoba Heritage Council Commemorative Plaques at
  • Manitoba Historical Society (MHS) at
    • This is a very large and comprehensive website featuring all aspects Manitoba history.
  • Manitobia: Life and Times at
    • Search or browse over 35 historical Manitoba newspapers to learn about Manitoba’s history.This website is an initiative of the Manitoba Library Consortium to collect historical documents online to be accessed free of charge.
  • Provincial Heritage Sites at
  • Provisional Government of Assiniboia at
    • The website’s purpose is to “acknowledge the contribution of original North American peoples to the creation of Manitoba”. It provides a chronology of events from the year 1390 leading up to the Riel Resistance, culminating in the creation of Manitoba in 1870. Includes a list of the people of Assiniboia. Based on [Download not found] by Norma Hall, published by the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, the province of Manitoba, and the Manitoba Métis Federation.
  • St. Boniface Historical Society/Centre du patrimoine at
  • Travel Manitoba at
    • Some Manitoba heritage sites profiled and promoted here

Canadian Websites

  • Archives Canada at
  • The Canadian Encyclopedia published by Historica Canada at
    • Features over 35,000 articles in English and French and over 6000 interactive maps, graphs, photographs and animations. Updated daily
  • Dictionary of Canadian Biography – Library and Archives Canada at
    • Features over 8500 biographies of people who played a role in the formation of Canada. Includes those who died between the years 1000 and 1930, as well as a few from pre-1000 and over 70 from post-1930. New biographies added regularly. Available in English and French.
  • Our Roots at
    • Has 222 books about Manitoba history to read online
  • Parks Canada at
  • Peel’s Prairie Provinces at
    • A resource dedicated to assisting scholars, students, and researchers of all types in their exploration of western Canadian history and the culture of the Canadian prairies.

International Heritage Websites

  • Steamboats on the Red video on YouTube

First Nations and Métis

Religion and Churches

Posted in Resources.